It is never too late to prevent Cervical Cancer
What’s Cervical Cancer
Cervix, the lowest part of the uterus that connects to the vagina gets infected with cells that grow at an exponential rate when compared to the healthy cells. The cancerous cells accumulate to form a mass or a malignant tumour. This condition is called Cervical Cancer. The cancerous cells tend to spread and also attack the nearby tissue. Though there are multiple reasons that attribute to Cervical cancer in women, Human Papillomavirus (HPV) plays a significant role in causing it.
Who can get cervical cancer?
Women who have more chances of getting infected with HPV or those with a weaker immune system are susceptible to Cervical Cancer.
1. Indulging in sex with multiple partners or an infected person can increase the risk of HPV infection. HPV spreads due to skin-to-skin contact of the genital regions. Condom usage can sometimes prevent the infection.
2. HPV is not very common in people who do not involve in intercourse. Delaying the first sexual activity decreases the risk of HPV
3. Other STDs such as gonorrhoea, syphilis and HIV can cause cervical cancer.
4. Smoking, though not directly linked to cancer, can drastically weaken the immune system. It can accelerate the pre-cancerous cells in women.
5. Cervical cancer is possible if there is a family tendency (hereditary factor) to develop HPV infection
6. Following a healthy lifestyle reduces the risk of cancer. The anti-oxidants in good food optimizes the functioning of immune system and thus prevent infections.
All that you need to do to protect yourself from Cervical Cancer
HPV vaccination can prevent infection in women from ages 9 to 45. It also decreases the risk of many other associated infections like vaginal, anal and vulvar cancers. The vaccinations are highly effective in reducing the precancerous cells. It is generally given to young women before they become sexually active. HPV vaccination is only a prevention and not a cure to the existing ones.
Screening tests and Bimanual pelvic examination
HPV test, combined with pap test is the most effective way to detect cervical cancer in sexually active women. A medical professional, generally a gynecologist collects samples from a female’s body and is checked for abnormal changes in cells.
In Bimanual exam, a doctor checks a woman’s body for any abnormality in uterus, cervix, vagina and nearby organs. Hence, it is important to discuss with a healthcare professional about screen tests and preventive measures for cervical cancer.
Apart from getting vaccinated, following a disciplined lifestyle with one healthy sexual partner, abstaining from active and passive smoking and adopting healthy food habits are extremely important to stay away from cervical and other related cancers.
Prevention is better than cure. Getting appropriate information at the right time can alert you about the infectious diseases and irreversible losses. Safeguard yourself from the jeopardy of Cervical cancer- speak to the Medical Professional right now!